Siachen Glacier situated at the altitude of 6,500 metres is the highest battlefield in the world where perpetual subzero temperature and frequent blizzards are the order of the day in the rarefied atmosphere. Read the article to know how Indian soldiers race this daily ordeal in the natural cold storage One cannot imagine having to pay in restaurant 550 rupees for just one tandoori roti even in the present day high inflation. Similarly, it is impossible to believe that transportation cost of a 25 kilogram bag of wheat from the market to one’s home can be as much as 50,000 rupees! In the same manner, who will find it credible on being told that a woolen suit for protection against the cold costs 45,000 rupees? Believe it [&hellip
The French are a great believer in non-artificial sex when it comes to cinema or any other place. And when it comes to erotic film projects from a French studio, you can be rest assured about the most steamy scenes shot, edited and produced in the most educated connoisseurs. For the squeamish, I must declare that enjoying French eroticism on film could take time. Here are the top scenes I would always love watching – Masculin Féminin (1966) – The scene where the protagonist’s (Paul, played by Jean-Pierre Leaud) secretary describes her encounter with another man – and she has to go back another day, compelled, devoted and loving that she is. Paul has almost got her innocence choking with mental turbulence – the faculties [&hellip
The lack of specific refugee legislation in India has led the government to adopt an ad-hoc approach to different refugee influxes. The status of refugees in India is governed mainly by political and administrative decisions rather than any codified model of conduct. The ad hoc nature of the Government’s approach has led to varying treatment of different refugee groups. Some groups are granted a full range of benefits including legal residence and the ability to be legally employed, whilst others are criminalized and denied access to basic social resources. The legal status of refugees in India is governed mainly by the Foreigners Act 1946 and the Citizenship Act 1955. These Acts do not distinguish refugees fleeing persecution from other foreigners; they apply to all non-citizens [&hellip
Country of origin background As recently as 1914, a Peace Convention was signed by Britain, China and Tibet that formally recognized Tibet as an independent country. Representatives from the major monasteries governed the country with the Dalai Lama heading the government. The Tibetan people have a deep-seated faith in religion and Buddhism ruled every aspect of their lives. In 1949 China invaded Tibet. Two years later Chinese troops forcibly occupied Tibet; killing, detaining and arresting thousands of Tibetan citizens
Country of origin background For the past 20 years Sri Lanka has been embroiled in conflict between the Sri Lankan army and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) who are fighting for independence for the minority Tamil population. The conflict has left as many as 70,000 people dead and one million people displaced. Tamils from Sri Lanka have been fleeing their home country for India since 1983 when the conflict began. There are no signs of the conflict abating in the immediate future. The armed conflict has escalated since the beginning of 2006 and in March 2007, after four years of negotiations, the peace process between the warring factions officially collapsed
Country of origin background Ethnic Nepalese people started arriving in Bhutan in significant numbers in the early 20th century. By the 1980s they accounted for a quarter of the Bhutanese population. In the mid to late 1980s, the authorities began to view the growing numbers of Hindu Nepalese in Bhutan as a direct threat to Bhutanese ethnic identity. After this time, discriminatory measures were employed to restrict the Nepalese from government service jobs, from obtaining promotions and receiving passports. Alongside these measures, the government introduced a national campaign to revive traditional culture. Teaching Nepali as a second language in schools was banned and Bhutanese national dress was to be worn at school as well as on official occasions. A census was carried out in [&hellip
Country of Origin Background India was partitioned in 1947, leading to the creation of two sovereign states: India and Pakistan. The Hindu population of Pakistan, numbering roughly three million, is largely concentrated in the southern province of Sindh. The majority of the population are Dalits, impoverished landless labourers. Although some minor clashes occurred from time to time prior to partition, relations between Hindu and Muslims in Sindh were generally peaceful. After 1947 an influx of Urdu speaking Muslims from India arrived in Sindh province. Communal violence erupted and the first wave of Sindh’s Hindus was forced to flee. Finding themselves subject to religious persecution, they sought refuge in India.
Country of origin background Burma gained independence from Great Britain in 1948. Following the 1962 coup d’état, the leadership shifted from democracy to a military junta, the fore-runner of the current ruling regime; the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). In 1990, despite multi-party legislative elections that resulted in the main opposition party, the National League for Democracy (NLD), winning a landslide victory, the SPDC refused to hand over power. The leader of the NLD, Aung San Suu Kyi remains under house arrest.
Country of Origin Background Somalia has been without a government since 1991, following the overthrow of President Siad Barre. After he left the country, warring factions of rival clan-based groups turned on each other, throwing the country into a civil war which has raged ever since. Interventions by the United Nations to stop the war and the resulting humanitarian crises have proved ineffective. There have also been numerous attempts since 2000 to reach a lasting peace. To date, none of these have been successful. In January 2007, the United States backed the Ethiopian invasion of Somalia to overthrow Mogadishu’s Islamic Courts Union and install the weak, and largely secular, transitional federal government. At the present time, the transitional government struggles to impose its authority on [&hellip
Country of Origin Background After the establishment of the State of Israel, about two thirds of the Palestinian Arabs fled or were expelled from their territories, which came under Israeli control after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. More and more Palestinians were forced to flee to the neighboring countries and the mass expulsion of the Palestinian Arabs from their homes, villages and towns uprooted an entire population. In most cases these refugees have not been permitted to return to their homes to date. They have either been languishing in sub-human conditions in their host countries facing hostilities and discrimination, or volatile political situations in the countries in which they seek refuge. Many Palestinians fled to neighboring Iraq and lived there as refugees