European filmmakers are often considered the most talented in conceptualization, lens work and techniques. Although French names are quite prominent in these areas, Italian maestros such as Piere Pasolini, Fredrico Felini and others have etched their masterpieces with a host of examples citing cinematic excellence. Developments in filmmaking achieved new heights because of these grandmasters. However, the experimental geniuses releasing in contemporary years have a whole new train of concepts, camera work covering unique aspects of filmmaking.
The Christian influence
Much like any other European film genre, Italian art films have held a significant position in social entertainment. The popularity of ‘art films’ often depended on the political weather that preceded the film year. While the superficial public life of the Catholic Church kept diminishing, many fans began to notice unusual changes. Movies like Confessions of a Police Captain (1971), Decameron (1971), Once Upon a Time in the West (1968), Teorema (1968), Accatone (1961) and La Dolce Vita (1960). These had already set the stage for something better in the audiences mind. However, influence of the church, murder of Pasolini by Catholics fanatics and other controversies have often been alleged for cinematic failure towards the later part of the 20th Century.
Past crisis in Italian Cinema
After the 1970s, while there was imminent attack on the freedom of artists throughout the world, rating systems and censorship had begun to widen the gap between mainstream cinema and what they call avant-garde or experimental films. Nevertheless, among movies released in the 1980s, one can find good works from names like Fellini, Sergio Leone and Nanni Moretti. Their notable works include E la nave va, Ginger and Fred, Once Upon a Time in America, Bianca and La messa e finita. Although Bernardo Bertolucci became a prominent Italian filmmaker during this period, his successful work, The Last Emperor, was not an Italian language film.
Revival and criticism of modern Italian cinema
Revival of Italian cinema in modern times goes back to the late 1980s, when the world praised Nuovo Cinema Paradiso (a remake of the older Cinema Paradiso). It also won an Oscar for Best Foreign Film, and later Life is Beautiful also became very popular with three Oscars. However, plotting and conceptualization qualities have apparently taken a plunge. Although the Italian media and prominent actors refuse these criticisms, some people feel there is a dearth of variety in the stories. Nevertheless, Italian cinema is delving into rarely touched subjects such as mentally ill people enjoying holidays and children growing up in somber atmospheres.