Somali Refugees in India

Country of Origin Background Somalia has been without a government since 1991, following the overthrow of President Siad Barre. After he left the country, warring factions of rival clan-based groups turned on each other, throwing the country into a civil war which has raged ever since. Interventions by the United Nations to stop the war and the resulting humanitarian crises have proved ineffective. There have also been numerous attempts since 2000 to reach a lasting peace. To date, none of these have been successful. In January 2007, the United States backed the Ethiopian invasion of Somalia to overthrow Mogadishu’s Islamic Courts Union and install the weak, and largely secular, transitional federal government. At the present time, the transitional government struggles to impose its authority on